Internal Details of Hello Java Program

we are going to learn, what happens while compiling and running the java program. Moreover, we will see some question based on the first program.

What happens at compile time?

At compile time, java file is compiled by Java Compiler (It does not interact with OS) and converts the java code into bytecode.

compilation of simple java program
What happens at runtime?

At runtime, following steps are performed:

Java Runtime Processing

Classloader: is the subsystem of JVM that is used to load class files.

Bytecode Verifier: checks the code fragments for illegal code that can violate access right to objects.

Interpreter: read bytecode stream then execute the instructions.

Q) Can you save a java source file by other name than the class name?

Yes, if the class is not public. It is explained in the figure given below:

how to save simple java program by another name

To compile: javac

To execute: java Example

Q) Can you have multiple classes in a java source file?
how to contain multiple class in simple java program